- The Long-Term Effects of Being an Obese Teenager
- Health Effects Of Obesity
- Obesity Measurements
- 4.Obesity Key Facts And Figures
- Preventive Measures
The Long-Term Effects of Being an Obese Teenager
Obesity is a condition in which a person has too much body fat. Obesity is more than just a scale or an increase in the person. This can increase the risk of diseases and health problems, including high blood pressure, diabetes and heart disease. It is a complex problem and a serious public health problem both in the United States and around the world. Obesity is usually associated with excessive food intake, training, and genetic sensitivity. In some cases, it is mainly caused by genes, endocrine disorders, drugs or mental disorders. The idea that obese people eat low levels of metabolism and are heavier and medically support. On average, obese people use more energy than their regular partners because they need the energy to maintain higher body weight.
Overweight often prevents the combination of social change and personal choices. The main treatments are changes in diet and physical exercise. The quality of fat can be improved by using such high-energy food. As fat or sugar, fiber consumption is also reduced. Drugs can be taken with the right diet to reduce appetite or fat intake. If diet, exercise, and medication are ineffective, stomach cramps or surgery can be performed to reduce stomach contents or intestinal length, therefore, feeling or feeling less willingness to swallow nutrients.
Obesity & Overweight
Obesity usually occurs when a person regularly consumes more than the required amount of food and does not use excess fat. The problem may be genetic and even occurs as a side effect of certain drugs or psychological factors such as mourning, depression, nervousness, etc. The government is not only a problem; This can lead to various serious health problems such as cardiovascular disease, stroke, infertility, sleep apnea, and diabetes. If you do not have this problem, you should consider carefully how to solve this problem. Although doctors prescribe medications that change the patient’s diet and develop a curriculum, in some cases the problem can be solved even in patients.
Being overweight or fat has more body fat than optimal health. Obesity is especially widespread when food is plentiful and the lifestyle is busy. 2003 Obesity has reached epidemic levels around the world and over 1 billion. – overweight or obesity. 2013 This number increased to over 2 billion. And this was observed in all age groups. A healthy body requires minimal fat to function properly in the hormonal, reproductive and immune systems, such as thermal insulation, shock absorption in sensitive areas and energy in the future. However, the accumulation of excess fat can affect the movement, flexibility, and appearance of the body. Causes For Obesity :
Obesity is usually caused by too much food and exercise. If you consume a lot of energy, especially fat and sugar, but do not burn energy through exercise and physical activity, most of the excess energy of the body is built like fat.
- The energy value of a food product is measured in units called calories. On average, physically active people need about 2,500 calories a day to stay healthy and the average physically active woman has about 2,000 calories a day. This calorie content may seem high, but it can be easily obtained in some types of food. For example, if you eat a huge burger, potatoes and milk cake, you can have 1500 calories – and that’s just a dish. For more information, see Guide to understanding calories. Another problem is that many people are not physically active. Many of them consume calories to be fat in time.
- Obesity does not occur overnight. Over time, it gradually develops due to poor eating habits and habits, such as:
- Recycling large quantities or eating fast food – has a high fat and sugar content
- Drink too much alcohol. Alcohol has a lot of calories, and people who drink a lot are often overweight
Eat a lot – you can also come to terms with a snack or dessert in a restaurant, and there may be more fat and sugar in the diet
- Eat bigger portions than you need – you can be called to overeat if your friends or relatives also eat large portions.
- Drink too many drinks with sugar – including drinks and fruit juices
- Comfortable food. If you have low self-esteem or feel depressed, you can eat to feel better
- Unwanted eating habits tend to live in families. You can learn bad eating habits from your parents when you are young and grow up.
Lack of Physical Activity
Lack of physical activity is another important factor in obesity. Most people work when they usually sit at the table. They also rely on their cars instead of cycling or walking. To relax, many people often watch TV, surf the Internet, play computer games and rarely learn. When you are not active enough, do not use the energy you consume, eat, and the extra energy you take is considered fat in your body. The Department of Health recommends that adults take at least 150 minutes (two and a half hours) of moderate activity each week, such as cycling or speeding. You do not have to do it at the same time, but you can divide it into smaller periods. For example, you can work 30 minutes a day for five days a week. If you are overweight and try to lose weight, you may need more. It may be helpful to start a slow and gradual weekly exercise.
Some say you do not have to lose weight because it’s “my family” or “it’s my genes”. Although there are some rare genetic disorders that can cause obesity, such as Prader – Willi syndrome, there is no reason why most people can not lose weight. Maybe your parents inherit some genetic traits like B. Great appetite, which makes it hard to lose weight, but it’s really impossible. In most cases, obesity is more related to environmental factors such as poor eating habits acquired in childhood.
For medical reasons
Slow thyroid (hypothyroidism) – when the thyroid gland is unable to produce enough hormones. Cushing’s syndrome is a rare condition that causes overproduction of steroid hormones. However, if this condition is properly diagnosed and treated, they have a smaller weight loss barrier. Some medications, including some corticosteroids, epilepsy and diabetes mellitus, and certain psychiatric medications, including antidepressants and schizophrenic medications, can contribute to overweight. Side effects of smoking.
Health Effects Of Obesity
Obesity has a significant negative impact on health. Every year, weight loss costs over $ 150 billion, resulting in around 300,000 premature deaths in the United States. Health effects associated with obesity are as follows:
High blood pressure
The additional amount of fat in the body requires oxygen and nutrients to allow the blood vessels to take blood to the adipose tissue. It increases the stress of the heart because it is necessary to load more blood through the additional blood vessels. More circulating blood also means more pressure on the walls of the arteries. Increased pressure on the arterial walls increases blood pressure. In addition, additional weight can increase the heart rate and reduce the body’s ability to transport blood through the blood vessels.
Obesity is the main cause of type 2 diabetes, which often occurs in adults, but is now present in children. Obesity can lead to insulin resistance, a hormone that regulates blood sugar levels. When obesity causes resistance to insulin, your blood sugar level increases. Even moderate obesity significantly increases the risk of diabetes.
Atherosclerosis (exaggeration of arteries), people with obesity, is ten times more likely than people who are not obese. Coronary heart disease is also more common because of the accumulation of fat in the arteries nourishing the heart. Damage to the blood vessels and reduced blood flow to the heart can lead to chest pain (angina pectoris) or a heart attack. Blood clots may also develop in blocked veins and cause a stroke.
Connected diseases, including osteoarthritis – Obesity can affect the knees and hips due to weight loss on the joints. Although joint surgery is often carried out in affected joints, obese humans cannot be indicated, because the artificial compound has a higher backlog and additional risk of injury.
Sleep Apnea And Respiratory Problems
Sleep apnea for which people stop breathing for a short night’s sleep and sleepiness during the day. It also causes severe snoring. Respiratory disorders associated with obesity occur when the chest mass squeezes the lungs and causes limited breathing. Sleep apnea is also associated with high blood pressure.
Women obesity contributes to the growth of various cancers, including breast, colorectal, gallbladder and uterine risk. Overweight men have a higher risk of developing colon cancer and prostate cancer.
The National Cholesterol Training Program has identified the metabolic syndrome as a risk factor for cardiovascular disease. The metabolic syndrome consists of six main parts: abdominal obesity, high blood cholesterol, hypertension, insulin resistance, with or without glucose intolerance, certain blood components that indicate a steady rise in inflammation and certain clotting factors in the blood. In the United States, about one-third of overweight or obese people have metabolic syndrome.
A culture in which the ideal of physical attractiveness is often too thin, people with obesity and obesity are often in a worse situation. Overweight and obese people are often blamed for their condition and can be considered lazy or weak. It is not surprising that obesity or obesity causes people with lower incomes or less or without romantic relationships. Rejection of overweight people can lead to prejudice, discrimination, and even harassment.
- Body mass index (BMI) helps determine if the body weight is high. BMI is a number according to your weight and size. The higher the number, the more fat in the body. BMI is often used as a screening tool to determine if your weight can be harmful to health problems such as heart disease, diabetes, and cancer.
BMI is used to define different weight groups for adults aged 20 years and older. The same groups apply to men and women.
- No weight: BMI is less than 18.5
- Normal weight: BMI is 18.5 to 24.9
- Overweight: BMI is from 25 to 29.9
- Overweight: BMI is 30 or more
4.Obesity Key Facts And Figures
- Throughout the world since 1980, Obesity has almost doubled.
- 2008 Over 1.4 billion adults (20 and over) were overweight. Of these, over 200 million men and nearly 300 million women were obese.
- 2008 35 percent Overweight in adults over 20 years was 11 percent. They were obese
- 65% of the world’s population lives in countries where obesity and obesity kill more people than weaker people.
Overweight and obesity are the fifth most important risk of death in the world. Over 2.8 million adults die each year due to overweight or obesity.
- 44% of the weight of diabetes, 23% of ischemic heart disease and 7% to 41% of the specific burden associated with cancer are due to overweight and obesity.
- 2011 Over 40 million children under the age of five have been included.
- Obesity can be prevented.
- Obesity is a chronic disease that affects more and more children, adolescents and adults:
The US since 1980 The percentage of obesity has doubled for children and tripled for teenagers
- 15% of children between the ages of 6 and 19 are overweight
- Over 60% Adults are considered overweight or obese
Health professionals often see type 2 diabetes (usually in adults), cardiovascular disease and depression in obesity in children and adolescents. The longer a person suffers from obesity, the greater the risk factors associated with obesity. Prevention is particularly important because of the chronic diseases and diseases associated with obesity and the fact that obesity is difficult to treat. One of the important reasons why prevention of childhood obesity is so important is to increase the likelihood of obesity in obese adults. from about 20 percent from four to 80 percent of teens.
Preventing Obesity In Infants
The longer babies breastfeed, the less likely they are to grow old. Infants feeding on food have from 15% to 25%. Less susceptible to overweight. For those who are breastfeeding for six months or longer, the probability is 20-40 percent.
5.2 Preventing Obesity In Children and Adolescents
- Young people are usually overweight or obese because they are unable to practice well with poor eating habits. Genetics and lifestyle also contribute to the child’s weight. There are several ways to prevent obesity and obesity in childhood and adolescence. (They will also help you!) This includes:
- Work to gradually change eating habits and family levels instead of focusing on weight. Changing habits and weight will take care of themselves.
- To be an example Parents who are healthy and physically active are an example that increases the likelihood that their children will do the same.
- Promote physical exercise. Most of the weekly children should have an hour of moderate physical activity. Over an hour can lead to weight loss and observation.
- Reduce the TV and computer time to less than two hours a day.
- Encourage children to eat hunger and eat slowly.
- Avoid eating for a fee or prohibiting eating as a punishment.
- Instead of refreshing drinks and snacks, place the fridge in a large amount of sugar and fat with fat or low-fat milk and fresh fruits and vegetables.
- Give at least five portions of fruit and vegetables daily.
- Encourage children to drink water instead of drinks containing sugar, such as soft drinks, sports drinks, and fruit drinks. Preventing Obesity In Adults
- Many strategies that successfully lead to weight loss and maintenance help prevent obesity. Preventing obesity is important in improving eating habits and increasing physical activity. What can you do:
- Five to six servings of fruit and vegetables each day. Vegetable service – a cup of green vegetables or half a glass of boiled vegetables or vegetable juice. Grape service is small and medium-sized fresh fruit, half a cup of canned or fresh fruit or fruit juices or a fourth cup of dried fruit.
- Choose healthy cereals, such as brown rice and baked bread. Avoid highly processed foods made from refined white sugar, flour, and saturated fats.
Weigh and measure food to find out how many portions there are. For example, three ounces of meat bowl have the size of the deck. Avoid particularly large menu items, especially in fast food restaurants. You can reach a large number of sizes of portable sizes.
- Catering Balance “Checkbook”. Consuming more calories than burning to get energy increases weight. They weigh regularly.
- Avoid high energy or high-calorie foods with a small amount of food. For example, a large cheeseburger and a large franchise potato have nearly 1,000 calories and 30 grams or more of fat. If you order a chicken sandwich or an ordinary burger and a small salad with a low-fat sauce, you can avoid hundreds of calories and eat a lot of fat. For dessert, instead of “chocolate death” or three pieces of homemade cakes, there is a piece of fruit or a piece of an angel.
- Sweat stroke: Collect at least 30 minutes or more in medium intensity at most or preferably all working days. For example, there is a 15-minute walk, walk and planting.
- You can use calories for 10 or 15 minutes a day, such as walking around the block or taking a few steps at work. Everyone is helping again.TreatmentsDietary Changes
- Fatty foods with more fruits and vegetables can help people lose weight. One of the reasons why overweight and fat accumulate when someone consumes more calories than they consume. Over time, it can increase weight. Some types of food are more likely to lose weight. Some processed foods contain additives, such as high-fructose corn syrup. This can lead to changes in the body that can lead to weight gain. By using processed, refined and cooked foods that contain a lot of sugar and fat, when eating healthy grains and other fibrous foods, such as fresh fruits and vegetables, a person can help you lose weight. The advantage of a high-fiber diet is that the body feels faster and has less chance of eating more. Healthy grain helps a person stay longer because he releases his energy at a slower pace. Nutrition and healthy grain can also help reduce the risk of many diseases associated with metabolic syndrome. The metabolic syndrome is a condition that causes a number of health problems, including type 2 diabetes, hypertension, and cardiovascular disorders. This is more common in overweight people. A doctor or dietitian can help you suggest a strategy and possibly a suitable weight loss program. Avoid diet in the event of a disaster. Rapid loss due to an accident in the diet poses the following risks:
- New health problems may appear.
- Vitamin deficiency may occur.
- It is more difficult to get healthy weight loss.
- In some cases, the doctor may suggest that a person with a high overweight should follow a diet with very low calories. A healthcare professional must follow this strategy to ensure that the person remains safe during the diet.
- Students go up the stairs. Entering the stairs instead of the elevator can be a good exercise. When the body burns calories, even when a person sits or sleeps, the body is more active for most people: the more calories he burns the body. However, this may take some time. If you want to lose fat, someone needs to burn 3500 calories. Good opportunities for active participation:
- Through the stairs, not the elevator
- Get out of the way and get to know the rest of the way
- Contributes to the garden, homework or walks with the dog.
- The CDC offers average activity of 60-90 minutes on most days of the week.
- Individuals who are not used for physical activity or have connection problems due to health or mobility problems should contact their doctor to find out how they can practice and how to get started.
- A person who is not in the habit of practicing should not start an intensive job, because it may pose a health risk.
Sometimes the doctor prescribes medications such as Orlistat (Xenical) to help with weight loss. This usually happens only when:
- Changes in food and exercise did not cause weight loss
- Human weight is a big health risk
- National health authorities emphasize that people, in addition to a low-calorie diet, should also take medicines. Orlistat does not change lifestyle changes.
- Adverse effects include gastrointestinal symptoms, such as gastrointestinal motions and increased or decreased intestinal motions. Some people report adverse effects on the respiratory system, muscles and joints, headaches and more. From 1997, By 2010, Doctors would be able to prescribe sibutramine. However, the US Food and Drug Administration (FDA) has been removed due to concerns about serious side effects.
Reduced weight or bariatric surgery means that part of the human stomach or small intestine is removed or replaced, so they do not eat as much energy as they do not eat calories. This can help the person lose weight and reduce the risk. hypertension, type 2 diabetes and other aspects of the metabolic syndrome that may manifest as obesity. The operation may reduce the stomach or bypass the digestive system. The stomach or stomach area The surgeon uses the stomach or stomach to reduce the stomach. After the surgery, the person can not consume more than a cup of food at each meeting. This significantly reduces food.
Bypassing the stomach The procedure allows the passage of food through parts of the digestive system, in particular, the first part of the small intestine in the middle part. It can also reduce the size of the stomach. This is usually more effective than restrictive methods, but there is a greater risk of vitamin and mineral deficiencies because the body can no longer absorb nutrients. Your doctor may recommend surgery to a person with a body mass index of 40 or more or other health problems before the age of 40. Doctors often perform bariatric procedures as laparoscopic or surgical procedures.
Hormonal treatment can help people with obesity. Researchers who published the study in 2014, came to the conclusion that part of the success of bariatric surgery may be the result of the action of intestinal hormones. Strengthening these hormones can lead to new, non-surgical options. Researchers say that the combination of certain hormones can be an effective tool.
It is recognized that overweight and obesity is not only an individual problem, but also social problems for the population. This review requires a number of social and economic variables that affect consumption and energy consumption. There is an urgent need to address the problem of obesity, as well as a significant gap between the type and scope of evidence required, and the type and amount of evidence available to meet this need. A new framework is needed to help researchers and the wider decision-making community to create, identify and evaluate the best available evidence and summarize it in the decision-making process. This new system is also important for researchers who are trying to overcome important gaps in evidence by examining the program and political issues. However, the methods and data from traditional research projects do not support all types of evidence supporting interventions to prevent obesity and other complex public health problems. A comprehensive approach is needed that emphasizes the decision-making process and contextual aspects.